A review of fundamental particles. What was covered in GCSE and bring it all up to A-level standard.

Time of flight mass spectrometry. Watch this video, focus on ionisation by electron impact rather than the electrospray method. Make sure that you are happy with the relationship between mass and time of flight, relate this to Ek = ½ m v2.

Calculations of relative abundance using data from ToF MS to find RAM.

Use RAM to calculate RFM

Electron configuration S-P-D