What everyone needs to know:
- Understand what a species is.
- State what is meant by variation.
- State that children look like their parents because they inherit genes.
- Understand that some variation is genetic and some is environmental.
- State that genes are instructions for characteristics.
- State that genes are made of DNA.
- Understand that the work of many scientists contributed to our understanding of the structure of DNA.
- State what living things need in order to survive.
- Understand that organisms that are better adapted are more likely to survive to pass on their genes.
- State that selective breeding is used by farmers to breed animals with useful characteristics.
- State some reasons why an organism may become extinct.
- State some reasons why zoos and seed banks are set up.
- Describe how scientists classify organisms.
- Describe the difference between continuous and discontinuous variation.
- Explain why children look similar to their parents.
- Identify genetic and environmental variation.
- Describe the difference between DNA, genes and chromosomes.
- Describe the work of Watson, Crick, Wilkins and Franklin in the development of the DNA model.
- Describe how natural selection occurs.
- Describe how to use selective breeding to breed an animal with a desired characteristic.
- Understand what is meant by genetic modification.
- Link adaptation to extinction.
- Explain how zoos and seed banks help to prevent extinction and maintain Earth’s biodiversity.
- Explain why scientists classify organisms.
- Explain why siblings like similar but not identical.
- Apply the function of DNA to explain why people have different characteristics.
- Evaluate the importance of the discovery of the structure DNA.
- Explain how adaptations help an organism to survive.
- Explain how Darwin came up with his theory of evolution by natural selection.
- Evaluate the use of genetic modification and selective breeding.
- Evaluate the effects of extinction on the ecosystem.
- Evaluate the use of zoos and seed banks by thinking about their benefits and drawbacks.
What is being taught week by week:
Week 1: This week was a welcome to the school and an introduction to the course.
Week 2: This week, we look at the the classification of animals. How they can do identified and named scientifically.
Week 3: Having seen what a species is, we are now looking at variation within a species.